Struct kernel::user_ptr::UserSlicePtr[][src]

pub struct UserSlicePtr(_, _);
Expand description

A reference to an area in userspace memory, which can be either read-only or read-write.

All methods on this struct are safe: invalid pointers return EFAULT. Concurrent access, including data races to/from userspace memory, is permitted, because fundamentally another userspace thread/process could always be modifying memory at the same time (in the same way that userspace Rust’s std::io permits data races with the contents of files on disk). In the presence of a race, the exact byte values read/written are unspecified but the operation is well-defined. Kernelspace code should validate its copy of data after completing a read, and not expect that multiple reads of the same address will return the same value.

All APIs enforce the invariant that a given byte of memory from userspace may only be read once. By preventing double-fetches we avoid TOCTOU vulnerabilities. This is accomplished by taking self by value to prevent obtaining multiple readers on a given UserSlicePtr, and the readers only permitting forward reads.

Constructing a UserSlicePtr performs no checks on the provided address and length, it can safely be constructed inside a kernel thread with no current userspace process. Reads and writes wrap the kernel APIs copy_from_user and copy_to_user, which check the memory map of the current process and enforce that the address range is within the user range (no additional calls to access_ok are needed).

Implementations

Constructs a user slice from a raw pointer and a length in bytes.

Safety

Callers must be careful to avoid time-of-check-time-of-use (TOCTOU) issues. The simplest way is to create a single instance of UserSlicePtr per user memory block as it reads each byte at most once.

Reads the entirety of the user slice.

Returns EFAULT if the address does not currently point to mapped, readable memory.

Constructs a UserSlicePtrReader.

Writes the provided slice into the user slice.

Returns EFAULT if the address does not currently point to mapped, writable memory (in which case some data from before the fault may be written), or data is larger than the user slice (in which case no data is written).

Constructs a UserSlicePtrWriter.

Constructs both a UserSlicePtrReader and a UserSlicePtrWriter.

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.