Enum core::convert::Infallible

1.34.0 · source · []
pub enum Infallible {}
Expand description

The error type for errors that can never happen.

Since this enum has no variant, a value of this type can never actually exist. This can be useful for generic APIs that use Result and parameterize the error type, to indicate that the result is always Ok.

For example, the TryFrom trait (conversion that returns a Result) has a blanket implementation for all types where a reverse Into implementation exists.

impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T where U: Into<T> {
    type Error = Infallible;

    fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<Self, Infallible> {
        Ok(U::into(value))  // Never returns `Err`
    }
}
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Future compatibility

This enum has the same role as the ! “never” type, which is unstable in this version of Rust. When ! is stabilized, we plan to make Infallible a type alias to it:

pub type Infallible = !;
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… and eventually deprecate Infallible.

However there is one case where ! syntax can be used before ! is stabilized as a full-fledged type: in the position of a function’s return type. Specifically, it is possible to have implementations for two different function pointer types:

trait MyTrait {}
impl MyTrait for fn() -> ! {}
impl MyTrait for fn() -> std::convert::Infallible {}
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With Infallible being an enum, this code is valid. However when Infallible becomes an alias for the never type, the two impls will start to overlap and therefore will be disallowed by the language’s trait coherence rules.

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Returns the argument unchanged.

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.