# Primitive Type u8

1.0.0 ·## Expand description

The 8-bit unsigned integer type.

## Implementations§

source§### impl u8

### impl u8

source#### pub fn from_str_radix(src: &str, radix: u32) -> Result<Self, ParseIntError>

#### pub fn from_str_radix(src: &str, radix: u32) -> Result<Self, ParseIntError>

Converts a string slice in a given base to an integer.

The string is expected to be an optional `+`

sign
followed by digits.
Leading and trailing whitespace represent an error.
Digits are a subset of these characters, depending on `radix`

:

`0-9`

`a-z`

`A-Z`

##### Panics

This function panics if `radix`

is not in the range from 2 to 36.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

`assert_eq!(u8::from_str_radix("A", 16), Ok(10));`

Runconst: 1.32.0 · source#### pub const fn count_ones(self) -> u32

#### pub const fn count_ones(self) -> u32

const: 1.32.0 · source#### pub const fn count_zeros(self) -> u32

#### pub const fn count_zeros(self) -> u32

const: 1.32.0 · source#### pub const fn leading_zeros(self) -> u32

#### pub const fn leading_zeros(self) -> u32

Returns the number of leading zeros in the binary representation of `self`

.

Depending on what you’re doing with the value, you might also be interested in the
`ilog2`

function which returns a consistent number, even if the type widens.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

```
let n = u8::MAX >> 2;
assert_eq!(n.leading_zeros(), 2);
```

Runconst: 1.32.0 · source#### pub const fn trailing_zeros(self) -> u32

#### pub const fn trailing_zeros(self) -> u32

1.46.0 (const: 1.46.0) · source#### pub const fn leading_ones(self) -> u32

#### pub const fn leading_ones(self) -> u32

1.46.0 (const: 1.46.0) · source#### pub const fn trailing_ones(self) -> u32

#### pub const fn trailing_ones(self) -> u32

const: 1.32.0 · source#### pub const fn rotate_left(self, n: u32) -> Self

#### pub const fn rotate_left(self, n: u32) -> Self

const: 1.32.0 · source#### pub const fn rotate_right(self, n: u32) -> Self

#### pub const fn rotate_right(self, n: u32) -> Self

const: 1.32.0 · source#### pub const fn swap_bytes(self) -> Self

#### pub const fn swap_bytes(self) -> Self

1.37.0 (const: 1.37.0) · source#### pub const fn reverse_bits(self) -> Self

#### pub const fn reverse_bits(self) -> Self

const: 1.47.0 · source#### pub const fn checked_add(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

#### pub const fn checked_add(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

const: unstable · source#### pub unsafe fn unchecked_add(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`unchecked_math`

#85122)

#### pub unsafe fn unchecked_add(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

`unchecked_math`

#85122)Unchecked integer addition. Computes `self + rhs`

, assuming overflow
cannot occur.

##### Safety

This results in undefined behavior when
`self + rhs > u8::MAX`

or `self + rhs < u8::MIN`

,
i.e. when `checked_add`

would return `None`

.

1.66.0 (const: 1.66.0) · source#### pub const fn checked_add_signed(self, rhs: i8) -> Option<Self>

#### pub const fn checked_add_signed(self, rhs: i8) -> Option<Self>

const: 1.47.0 · source#### pub const fn checked_sub(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

#### pub const fn checked_sub(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

const: unstable · source#### pub unsafe fn unchecked_sub(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`unchecked_math`

#85122)

#### pub unsafe fn unchecked_sub(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

`unchecked_math`

#85122)Unchecked integer subtraction. Computes `self - rhs`

, assuming overflow
cannot occur.

##### Safety

This results in undefined behavior when
`self - rhs > u8::MAX`

or `self - rhs < u8::MIN`

,
i.e. when `checked_sub`

would return `None`

.

const: 1.47.0 · source#### pub const fn checked_mul(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

#### pub const fn checked_mul(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

const: unstable · source#### pub unsafe fn unchecked_mul(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`unchecked_math`

#85122)

#### pub unsafe fn unchecked_mul(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

`unchecked_math`

#85122)Unchecked integer multiplication. Computes `self * rhs`

, assuming overflow
cannot occur.

##### Safety

This results in undefined behavior when
`self * rhs > u8::MAX`

or `self * rhs < u8::MIN`

,
i.e. when `checked_mul`

would return `None`

.

const: 1.52.0 · source#### pub const fn checked_div(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

#### pub const fn checked_div(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

1.38.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn checked_div_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

#### pub const fn checked_div_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

1.7.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn checked_rem(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

#### pub const fn checked_rem(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

1.38.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn checked_rem_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

#### pub const fn checked_rem_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

1.67.0 (const: 1.67.0) · source#### pub const fn ilog(self, base: Self) -> u32

#### pub const fn ilog(self, base: Self) -> u32

Returns the logarithm of the number with respect to an arbitrary base, rounded down.

This method might not be optimized owing to implementation details;
`ilog2`

can produce results more efficiently for base 2, and `ilog10`

can produce results more efficiently for base 10.

##### Panics

This function will panic if `self`

is zero, or if `base`

is less than 2.

##### Examples

`assert_eq!(5u8.ilog(5), 1);`

Run1.67.0 (const: 1.67.0) · source#### pub const fn checked_ilog(self, base: Self) -> Option<u32>

#### pub const fn checked_ilog(self, base: Self) -> Option<u32>

Returns the logarithm of the number with respect to an arbitrary base, rounded down.

Returns `None`

if the number is zero, or if the base is not at least 2.

This method might not be optimized owing to implementation details;
`checked_ilog2`

can produce results more efficiently for base 2, and
`checked_ilog10`

can produce results more efficiently for base 10.

##### Examples

`assert_eq!(5u8.checked_ilog(5), Some(1));`

Run1.67.0 (const: 1.67.0) · source#### pub const fn checked_ilog2(self) -> Option<u32>

#### pub const fn checked_ilog2(self) -> Option<u32>

1.67.0 (const: 1.67.0) · source#### pub const fn checked_ilog10(self) -> Option<u32>

#### pub const fn checked_ilog10(self) -> Option<u32>

1.7.0 (const: 1.47.0) · source#### pub const fn checked_neg(self) -> Option<Self>

#### pub const fn checked_neg(self) -> Option<Self>

1.7.0 (const: 1.47.0) · source#### pub const fn checked_shl(self, rhs: u32) -> Option<Self>

#### pub const fn checked_shl(self, rhs: u32) -> Option<Self>

const: unstable · source#### pub unsafe fn unchecked_shl(self, rhs: u32) -> Self

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`unchecked_math`

#85122)

#### pub unsafe fn unchecked_shl(self, rhs: u32) -> Self

`unchecked_math`

#85122)Unchecked shift left. Computes `self << rhs`

, assuming that
`rhs`

is less than the number of bits in `self`

.

##### Safety

This results in undefined behavior if `rhs`

is larger than
or equal to the number of bits in `self`

,
i.e. when `checked_shl`

would return `None`

.

1.7.0 (const: 1.47.0) · source#### pub const fn checked_shr(self, rhs: u32) -> Option<Self>

#### pub const fn checked_shr(self, rhs: u32) -> Option<Self>

const: unstable · source#### pub unsafe fn unchecked_shr(self, rhs: u32) -> Self

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`unchecked_math`

#85122)

#### pub unsafe fn unchecked_shr(self, rhs: u32) -> Self

`unchecked_math`

#85122)Unchecked shift right. Computes `self >> rhs`

, assuming that
`rhs`

is less than the number of bits in `self`

.

##### Safety

This results in undefined behavior if `rhs`

is larger than
or equal to the number of bits in `self`

,
i.e. when `checked_shr`

would return `None`

.

1.34.0 (const: 1.50.0) · source#### pub const fn checked_pow(self, exp: u32) -> Option<Self>

#### pub const fn checked_pow(self, exp: u32) -> Option<Self>

const: 1.47.0 · source#### pub const fn saturating_add(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn saturating_add(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

1.66.0 (const: 1.66.0) · source#### pub const fn saturating_add_signed(self, rhs: i8) -> Self

#### pub const fn saturating_add_signed(self, rhs: i8) -> Self

const: 1.47.0 · source#### pub const fn saturating_sub(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn saturating_sub(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

1.7.0 (const: 1.47.0) · source#### pub const fn saturating_mul(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn saturating_mul(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

1.58.0 (const: 1.58.0) · source#### pub const fn saturating_div(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn saturating_div(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

1.34.0 (const: 1.50.0) · source#### pub const fn saturating_pow(self, exp: u32) -> Self

#### pub const fn saturating_pow(self, exp: u32) -> Self

const: 1.32.0 · source#### pub const fn wrapping_add(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn wrapping_add(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

1.66.0 (const: 1.66.0) · source#### pub const fn wrapping_add_signed(self, rhs: i8) -> Self

#### pub const fn wrapping_add_signed(self, rhs: i8) -> Self

const: 1.32.0 · source#### pub const fn wrapping_sub(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn wrapping_sub(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

const: 1.32.0 · source#### pub const fn wrapping_mul(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn wrapping_mul(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

Wrapping (modular) multiplication. Computes `self * rhs`

, wrapping around at the boundary of the type.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

Please note that this example is shared between integer types.
Which explains why `u8`

is used here.

```
assert_eq!(10u8.wrapping_mul(12), 120);
assert_eq!(25u8.wrapping_mul(12), 44);
```

Run1.2.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn wrapping_div(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn wrapping_div(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

Wrapping (modular) division. Computes `self / rhs`

.
Wrapped division on unsigned types is just normal division.
There’s no way wrapping could ever happen.
This function exists, so that all operations
are accounted for in the wrapping operations.

##### Panics

This function will panic if `rhs`

is 0.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

`assert_eq!(100u8.wrapping_div(10), 10);`

Run1.38.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn wrapping_div_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn wrapping_div_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

Wrapping Euclidean division. Computes `self.div_euclid(rhs)`

.
Wrapped division on unsigned types is just normal division.
There’s no way wrapping could ever happen.
This function exists, so that all operations
are accounted for in the wrapping operations.
Since, for the positive integers, all common
definitions of division are equal, this
is exactly equal to `self.wrapping_div(rhs)`

.

##### Panics

This function will panic if `rhs`

is 0.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

`assert_eq!(100u8.wrapping_div_euclid(10), 10);`

Run1.2.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn wrapping_rem(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn wrapping_rem(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

Wrapping (modular) remainder. Computes `self % rhs`

.
Wrapped remainder calculation on unsigned types is
just the regular remainder calculation.
There’s no way wrapping could ever happen.
This function exists, so that all operations
are accounted for in the wrapping operations.

##### Panics

This function will panic if `rhs`

is 0.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

`assert_eq!(100u8.wrapping_rem(10), 0);`

Run1.38.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn wrapping_rem_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn wrapping_rem_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

Wrapping Euclidean modulo. Computes `self.rem_euclid(rhs)`

.
Wrapped modulo calculation on unsigned types is
just the regular remainder calculation.
There’s no way wrapping could ever happen.
This function exists, so that all operations
are accounted for in the wrapping operations.
Since, for the positive integers, all common
definitions of division are equal, this
is exactly equal to `self.wrapping_rem(rhs)`

.

##### Panics

This function will panic if `rhs`

is 0.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

`assert_eq!(100u8.wrapping_rem_euclid(10), 0);`

Run1.2.0 (const: 1.32.0) · source#### pub const fn wrapping_neg(self) -> Self

#### pub const fn wrapping_neg(self) -> Self

Wrapping (modular) negation. Computes `-self`

,
wrapping around at the boundary of the type.

Since unsigned types do not have negative equivalents
all applications of this function will wrap (except for `-0`

).
For values smaller than the corresponding signed type’s maximum
the result is the same as casting the corresponding signed value.
Any larger values are equivalent to `MAX + 1 - (val - MAX - 1)`

where
`MAX`

is the corresponding signed type’s maximum.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

```
assert_eq!(0_u8.wrapping_neg(), 0);
assert_eq!(u8::MAX.wrapping_neg(), 1);
assert_eq!(13_u8.wrapping_neg(), (!13) + 1);
assert_eq!(42_u8.wrapping_neg(), !(42 - 1));
```

Run1.2.0 (const: 1.32.0) · source#### pub const fn wrapping_shl(self, rhs: u32) -> Self

#### pub const fn wrapping_shl(self, rhs: u32) -> Self

Panic-free bitwise shift-left; yields `self << mask(rhs)`

,
where `mask`

removes any high-order bits of `rhs`

that
would cause the shift to exceed the bitwidth of the type.

Note that this is *not* the same as a rotate-left; the
RHS of a wrapping shift-left is restricted to the range
of the type, rather than the bits shifted out of the LHS
being returned to the other end. The primitive integer
types all implement a `rotate_left`

function,
which may be what you want instead.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

```
assert_eq!(1u8.wrapping_shl(7), 128);
assert_eq!(1u8.wrapping_shl(128), 1);
```

Run1.2.0 (const: 1.32.0) · source#### pub const fn wrapping_shr(self, rhs: u32) -> Self

#### pub const fn wrapping_shr(self, rhs: u32) -> Self

Panic-free bitwise shift-right; yields `self >> mask(rhs)`

,
where `mask`

removes any high-order bits of `rhs`

that
would cause the shift to exceed the bitwidth of the type.

Note that this is *not* the same as a rotate-right; the
RHS of a wrapping shift-right is restricted to the range
of the type, rather than the bits shifted out of the LHS
being returned to the other end. The primitive integer
types all implement a `rotate_right`

function,
which may be what you want instead.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

```
assert_eq!(128u8.wrapping_shr(7), 1);
assert_eq!(128u8.wrapping_shr(128), 128);
```

Run1.34.0 (const: 1.50.0) · source#### pub const fn wrapping_pow(self, exp: u32) -> Self

#### pub const fn wrapping_pow(self, exp: u32) -> Self

1.7.0 (const: 1.32.0) · source#### pub const fn overflowing_add(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, bool)

#### pub const fn overflowing_add(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, bool)

Calculates `self`

+ `rhs`

Returns a tuple of the addition along with a boolean indicating whether an arithmetic overflow would occur. If an overflow would have occurred then the wrapped value is returned.

##### Examples

Basic usage

```
assert_eq!(5u8.overflowing_add(2), (7, false));
assert_eq!(u8::MAX.overflowing_add(1), (0, true));
```

Runconst: unstable · source#### pub fn carrying_add(self, rhs: Self, carry: bool) -> (Self, bool)

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`bigint_helper_methods`

#85532)

#### pub fn carrying_add(self, rhs: Self, carry: bool) -> (Self, bool)

`bigint_helper_methods`

#85532)Calculates `self`

+ `rhs`

+ `carry`

and returns a tuple containing
the sum and the output carry.

Performs “ternary addition” of two integer operands and a carry-in bit, and returns an output integer and a carry-out bit. This allows chaining together multiple additions to create a wider addition, and can be useful for bignum addition.

This can be thought of as a 8-bit “full adder”, in the electronics sense.

If the input carry is false, this method is equivalent to
`overflowing_add`

, and the output carry is
equal to the overflow flag. Note that although carry and overflow
flags are similar for unsigned integers, they are different for
signed integers.

##### Examples

```
#![feature(bigint_helper_methods)]
// 3 MAX (a = 3 × 2^8 + 2^8 - 1)
// + 5 7 (b = 5 × 2^8 + 7)
// ---------
// 9 6 (sum = 9 × 2^8 + 6)
let (a1, a0): (u8, u8) = (3, u8::MAX);
let (b1, b0): (u8, u8) = (5, 7);
let carry0 = false;
let (sum0, carry1) = a0.carrying_add(b0, carry0);
assert_eq!(carry1, true);
let (sum1, carry2) = a1.carrying_add(b1, carry1);
assert_eq!(carry2, false);
assert_eq!((sum1, sum0), (9, 6));
```

Run1.66.0 (const: 1.66.0) · source#### pub const fn overflowing_add_signed(self, rhs: i8) -> (Self, bool)

#### pub const fn overflowing_add_signed(self, rhs: i8) -> (Self, bool)

Calculates `self`

+ `rhs`

with a signed `rhs`

Returns a tuple of the addition along with a boolean indicating whether an arithmetic overflow would occur. If an overflow would have occurred then the wrapped value is returned.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

```
assert_eq!(1u8.overflowing_add_signed(2), (3, false));
assert_eq!(1u8.overflowing_add_signed(-2), (u8::MAX, true));
assert_eq!((u8::MAX - 2).overflowing_add_signed(4), (1, true));
```

Run1.7.0 (const: 1.32.0) · source#### pub const fn overflowing_sub(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, bool)

#### pub const fn overflowing_sub(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, bool)

Calculates `self`

- `rhs`

Returns a tuple of the subtraction along with a boolean indicating whether an arithmetic overflow would occur. If an overflow would have occurred then the wrapped value is returned.

##### Examples

Basic usage

```
assert_eq!(5u8.overflowing_sub(2), (3, false));
assert_eq!(0u8.overflowing_sub(1), (u8::MAX, true));
```

Runconst: unstable · source#### pub fn borrowing_sub(self, rhs: Self, borrow: bool) -> (Self, bool)

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`bigint_helper_methods`

#85532)

#### pub fn borrowing_sub(self, rhs: Self, borrow: bool) -> (Self, bool)

`bigint_helper_methods`

#85532)Calculates `self`

− `rhs`

− `borrow`

and returns a tuple
containing the difference and the output borrow.

Performs “ternary subtraction” by subtracting both an integer
operand and a borrow-in bit from `self`

, and returns an output
integer and a borrow-out bit. This allows chaining together multiple
subtractions to create a wider subtraction, and can be useful for
bignum subtraction.

##### Examples

```
#![feature(bigint_helper_methods)]
// 9 6 (a = 9 × 2^8 + 6)
// - 5 7 (b = 5 × 2^8 + 7)
// ---------
// 3 MAX (diff = 3 × 2^8 + 2^8 - 1)
let (a1, a0): (u8, u8) = (9, 6);
let (b1, b0): (u8, u8) = (5, 7);
let borrow0 = false;
let (diff0, borrow1) = a0.borrowing_sub(b0, borrow0);
assert_eq!(borrow1, true);
let (diff1, borrow2) = a1.borrowing_sub(b1, borrow1);
assert_eq!(borrow2, false);
assert_eq!((diff1, diff0), (3, u8::MAX));
```

Run1.7.0 (const: 1.32.0) · source#### pub const fn overflowing_mul(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, bool)

#### pub const fn overflowing_mul(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, bool)

Calculates the multiplication of `self`

and `rhs`

.

Returns a tuple of the multiplication along with a boolean indicating whether an arithmetic overflow would occur. If an overflow would have occurred then the wrapped value is returned.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

Please note that this example is shared between integer types.
Which explains why `u32`

is used here.

```
assert_eq!(5u32.overflowing_mul(2), (10, false));
assert_eq!(1_000_000_000u32.overflowing_mul(10), (1410065408, true));
```

Run1.7.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn overflowing_div(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, bool)

#### pub const fn overflowing_div(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, bool)

Calculates the divisor when `self`

is divided by `rhs`

.

Returns a tuple of the divisor along with a boolean indicating
whether an arithmetic overflow would occur. Note that for unsigned
integers overflow never occurs, so the second value is always
`false`

.

##### Panics

This function will panic if `rhs`

is 0.

##### Examples

Basic usage

`assert_eq!(5u8.overflowing_div(2), (2, false));`

Run1.38.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn overflowing_div_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, bool)

#### pub const fn overflowing_div_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, bool)

Calculates the quotient of Euclidean division `self.div_euclid(rhs)`

.

Returns a tuple of the divisor along with a boolean indicating
whether an arithmetic overflow would occur. Note that for unsigned
integers overflow never occurs, so the second value is always
`false`

.
Since, for the positive integers, all common
definitions of division are equal, this
is exactly equal to `self.overflowing_div(rhs)`

.

##### Panics

This function will panic if `rhs`

is 0.

##### Examples

Basic usage

`assert_eq!(5u8.overflowing_div_euclid(2), (2, false));`

Run1.7.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn overflowing_rem(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, bool)

#### pub const fn overflowing_rem(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, bool)

Calculates the remainder when `self`

is divided by `rhs`

.

Returns a tuple of the remainder after dividing along with a boolean
indicating whether an arithmetic overflow would occur. Note that for
unsigned integers overflow never occurs, so the second value is
always `false`

.

##### Panics

This function will panic if `rhs`

is 0.

##### Examples

Basic usage

`assert_eq!(5u8.overflowing_rem(2), (1, false));`

Run1.38.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn overflowing_rem_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, bool)

#### pub const fn overflowing_rem_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, bool)

Calculates the remainder `self.rem_euclid(rhs)`

as if by Euclidean division.

Returns a tuple of the modulo after dividing along with a boolean
indicating whether an arithmetic overflow would occur. Note that for
unsigned integers overflow never occurs, so the second value is
always `false`

.
Since, for the positive integers, all common
definitions of division are equal, this operation
is exactly equal to `self.overflowing_rem(rhs)`

.

##### Panics

This function will panic if `rhs`

is 0.

##### Examples

Basic usage

`assert_eq!(5u8.overflowing_rem_euclid(2), (1, false));`

Run1.7.0 (const: 1.32.0) · source#### pub const fn overflowing_neg(self) -> (Self, bool)

#### pub const fn overflowing_neg(self) -> (Self, bool)

Negates self in an overflowing fashion.

Returns `!self + 1`

using wrapping operations to return the value
that represents the negation of this unsigned value. Note that for
positive unsigned values overflow always occurs, but negating 0 does
not overflow.

##### Examples

Basic usage

```
assert_eq!(0u8.overflowing_neg(), (0, false));
assert_eq!(2u8.overflowing_neg(), (-2i32 as u8, true));
```

Run1.7.0 (const: 1.32.0) · source#### pub const fn overflowing_shl(self, rhs: u32) -> (Self, bool)

#### pub const fn overflowing_shl(self, rhs: u32) -> (Self, bool)

Shifts self left by `rhs`

bits.

Returns a tuple of the shifted version of self along with a boolean indicating whether the shift value was larger than or equal to the number of bits. If the shift value is too large, then value is masked (N-1) where N is the number of bits, and this value is then used to perform the shift.

##### Examples

Basic usage

```
assert_eq!(0x1u8.overflowing_shl(4), (0x10, false));
assert_eq!(0x1u8.overflowing_shl(132), (0x10, true));
```

Run1.7.0 (const: 1.32.0) · source#### pub const fn overflowing_shr(self, rhs: u32) -> (Self, bool)

#### pub const fn overflowing_shr(self, rhs: u32) -> (Self, bool)

Shifts self right by `rhs`

bits.

Returns a tuple of the shifted version of self along with a boolean indicating whether the shift value was larger than or equal to the number of bits. If the shift value is too large, then value is masked (N-1) where N is the number of bits, and this value is then used to perform the shift.

##### Examples

Basic usage

```
assert_eq!(0x10u8.overflowing_shr(4), (0x1, false));
assert_eq!(0x10u8.overflowing_shr(132), (0x1, true));
```

Run1.34.0 (const: 1.50.0) · source#### pub const fn overflowing_pow(self, exp: u32) -> (Self, bool)

#### pub const fn overflowing_pow(self, exp: u32) -> (Self, bool)

const: unstable · source#### pub fn isqrt(self) -> Self

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`isqrt`

#116226)

#### pub fn isqrt(self) -> Self

`isqrt`

#116226)1.38.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn div_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn div_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

1.38.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn rem_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn rem_euclid(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

source#### pub const fn div_floor(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`int_roundings`

#88581)

#### pub const fn div_floor(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

`int_roundings`

#88581)1.73.0 (const: 1.73.0) · source#### pub const fn div_ceil(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn div_ceil(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

Calculates the quotient of `self`

and `rhs`

, rounding the result towards positive infinity.

##### Panics

This function will panic if `rhs`

is zero.

###### Overflow behavior

On overflow, this function will panic if overflow checks are enabled (default in debug mode) and wrap if overflow checks are disabled (default in release mode).

##### Examples

Basic usage:

`assert_eq!(7_u8.div_ceil(4), 2);`

Run1.73.0 (const: 1.73.0) · source#### pub const fn next_multiple_of(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

#### pub const fn next_multiple_of(self, rhs: Self) -> Self

Calculates the smallest value greater than or equal to `self`

that
is a multiple of `rhs`

.

##### Panics

This function will panic if `rhs`

is zero.

###### Overflow behavior

On overflow, this function will panic if overflow checks are enabled (default in debug mode) and wrap if overflow checks are disabled (default in release mode).

##### Examples

Basic usage:

```
assert_eq!(16_u8.next_multiple_of(8), 16);
assert_eq!(23_u8.next_multiple_of(8), 24);
```

Run1.73.0 (const: 1.73.0) · source#### pub const fn checked_next_multiple_of(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

#### pub const fn checked_next_multiple_of(self, rhs: Self) -> Option<Self>

Calculates the smallest value greater than or equal to `self`

that
is a multiple of `rhs`

. Returns `None`

if `rhs`

is zero or the
operation would result in overflow.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

```
assert_eq!(16_u8.checked_next_multiple_of(8), Some(16));
assert_eq!(23_u8.checked_next_multiple_of(8), Some(24));
assert_eq!(1_u8.checked_next_multiple_of(0), None);
assert_eq!(u8::MAX.checked_next_multiple_of(2), None);
```

Runconst: 1.32.0 · source#### pub const fn is_power_of_two(self) -> bool

#### pub const fn is_power_of_two(self) -> bool

const: 1.50.0 · source#### pub const fn next_power_of_two(self) -> Self

#### pub const fn next_power_of_two(self) -> Self

Returns the smallest power of two greater than or equal to `self`

.

When return value overflows (i.e., `self > (1 << (N-1))`

for type
`uN`

), it panics in debug mode and the return value is wrapped to 0 in
release mode (the only situation in which method can return 0).

##### Examples

Basic usage:

```
assert_eq!(2u8.next_power_of_two(), 2);
assert_eq!(3u8.next_power_of_two(), 4);
```

Runconst: 1.50.0 · source#### pub const fn checked_next_power_of_two(self) -> Option<Self>

#### pub const fn checked_next_power_of_two(self) -> Option<Self>

Returns the smallest power of two greater than or equal to `n`

. If
the next power of two is greater than the type’s maximum value,
`None`

is returned, otherwise the power of two is wrapped in `Some`

.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

```
assert_eq!(2u8.checked_next_power_of_two(), Some(2));
assert_eq!(3u8.checked_next_power_of_two(), Some(4));
assert_eq!(u8::MAX.checked_next_power_of_two(), None);
```

Runconst: unstable · source#### pub fn wrapping_next_power_of_two(self) -> Self

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`wrapping_next_power_of_two`

#32463)

#### pub fn wrapping_next_power_of_two(self) -> Self

`wrapping_next_power_of_two`

#32463)Returns the smallest power of two greater than or equal to `n`

. If
the next power of two is greater than the type’s maximum value,
the return value is wrapped to `0`

.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

```
#![feature(wrapping_next_power_of_two)]
assert_eq!(2u8.wrapping_next_power_of_two(), 2);
assert_eq!(3u8.wrapping_next_power_of_two(), 4);
assert_eq!(u8::MAX.wrapping_next_power_of_two(), 0);
```

Run1.32.0 (const: 1.44.0) · source#### pub const fn to_be_bytes(self) -> [u8; 1]

#### pub const fn to_be_bytes(self) -> [u8; 1]

1.32.0 (const: 1.44.0) · source#### pub const fn to_le_bytes(self) -> [u8; 1]

#### pub const fn to_le_bytes(self) -> [u8; 1]

1.32.0 (const: 1.44.0) · source#### pub const fn to_ne_bytes(self) -> [u8; 1]

#### pub const fn to_ne_bytes(self) -> [u8; 1]

Return the memory representation of this integer as a byte array in native byte order.

As the target platform’s native endianness is used, portable code
should use `to_be_bytes`

or `to_le_bytes`

, as appropriate,
instead.

##### Examples

```
let bytes = 0x12u8.to_ne_bytes();
assert_eq!(
bytes,
if cfg!(target_endian = "big") {
[0x12]
} else {
[0x12]
}
);
```

Run1.32.0 (const: 1.44.0) · source#### pub const fn from_be_bytes(bytes: [u8; 1]) -> Self

#### pub const fn from_be_bytes(bytes: [u8; 1]) -> Self

Create a native endian integer value from its representation as a byte array in big endian.

##### Examples

```
let value = u8::from_be_bytes([0x12]);
assert_eq!(value, 0x12);
```

RunWhen starting from a slice rather than an array, fallible conversion APIs can be used:

```
fn read_be_u8(input: &mut &[u8]) -> u8 {
let (int_bytes, rest) = input.split_at(std::mem::size_of::<u8>());
*input = rest;
u8::from_be_bytes(int_bytes.try_into().unwrap())
}
```

Run1.32.0 (const: 1.44.0) · source#### pub const fn from_le_bytes(bytes: [u8; 1]) -> Self

#### pub const fn from_le_bytes(bytes: [u8; 1]) -> Self

Create a native endian integer value from its representation as a byte array in little endian.

##### Examples

```
let value = u8::from_le_bytes([0x12]);
assert_eq!(value, 0x12);
```

RunWhen starting from a slice rather than an array, fallible conversion APIs can be used:

```
fn read_le_u8(input: &mut &[u8]) -> u8 {
let (int_bytes, rest) = input.split_at(std::mem::size_of::<u8>());
*input = rest;
u8::from_le_bytes(int_bytes.try_into().unwrap())
}
```

Run1.32.0 (const: 1.44.0) · source#### pub const fn from_ne_bytes(bytes: [u8; 1]) -> Self

#### pub const fn from_ne_bytes(bytes: [u8; 1]) -> Self

Create a native endian integer value from its memory representation as a byte array in native endianness.

As the target platform’s native endianness is used, portable code
likely wants to use `from_be_bytes`

or `from_le_bytes`

, as
appropriate instead.

##### Examples

```
let value = u8::from_ne_bytes(if cfg!(target_endian = "big") {
[0x12]
} else {
[0x12]
});
assert_eq!(value, 0x12);
```

RunWhen starting from a slice rather than an array, fallible conversion APIs can be used:

```
fn read_ne_u8(input: &mut &[u8]) -> u8 {
let (int_bytes, rest) = input.split_at(std::mem::size_of::<u8>());
*input = rest;
u8::from_ne_bytes(int_bytes.try_into().unwrap())
}
```

Runconst: 1.32.0 · source#### pub const fn min_value() -> Self

👎Deprecating in a future Rust version: replaced by the `MIN`

associated constant on this type

#### pub const fn min_value() -> Self

`MIN`

associated constant on this typeNew code should prefer to use
`u8::MIN`

instead.

Returns the smallest value that can be represented by this integer type.

const: 1.32.0 · source#### pub const fn max_value() -> Self

👎Deprecating in a future Rust version: replaced by the `MAX`

associated constant on this type

#### pub const fn max_value() -> Self

`MAX`

associated constant on this typeNew code should prefer to use
`u8::MAX`

instead.

Returns the largest value that can be represented by this integer type.

const: unstable · source#### pub fn widening_mul(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, Self)

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`bigint_helper_methods`

#85532)

#### pub fn widening_mul(self, rhs: Self) -> (Self, Self)

`bigint_helper_methods`

#85532)Calculates the complete product `self * rhs`

without the possibility to overflow.

This returns the low-order (wrapping) bits and the high-order (overflow) bits of the result as two separate values, in that order.

If you also need to add a carry to the wide result, then you want
`Self::carrying_mul`

instead.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

Please note that this example is shared between integer types.
Which explains why `u32`

is used here.

```
#![feature(bigint_helper_methods)]
assert_eq!(5u32.widening_mul(2), (10, 0));
assert_eq!(1_000_000_000u32.widening_mul(10), (1410065408, 2));
```

Runconst: unstable · source#### pub fn carrying_mul(self, rhs: Self, carry: Self) -> (Self, Self)

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`bigint_helper_methods`

#85532)

#### pub fn carrying_mul(self, rhs: Self, carry: Self) -> (Self, Self)

`bigint_helper_methods`

#85532)Calculates the “full multiplication” `self * rhs + carry`

without the possibility to overflow.

This returns the low-order (wrapping) bits and the high-order (overflow) bits of the result as two separate values, in that order.

Performs “long multiplication” which takes in an extra amount to add, and may return an additional amount of overflow. This allows for chaining together multiple multiplications to create “big integers” which represent larger values.

If you don’t need the `carry`

, then you can use `Self::widening_mul`

instead.

##### Examples

Basic usage:

Please note that this example is shared between integer types.
Which explains why `u32`

is used here.

```
#![feature(bigint_helper_methods)]
assert_eq!(5u32.carrying_mul(2, 0), (10, 0));
assert_eq!(5u32.carrying_mul(2, 10), (20, 0));
assert_eq!(1_000_000_000u32.carrying_mul(10, 0), (1410065408, 2));
assert_eq!(1_000_000_000u32.carrying_mul(10, 10), (1410065418, 2));
assert_eq!(u8::MAX.carrying_mul(u8::MAX, u8::MAX), (0, u8::MAX));
```

RunThis is the core operation needed for scalar multiplication when implementing it for wider-than-native types.

```
#![feature(bigint_helper_methods)]
fn scalar_mul_eq(little_endian_digits: &mut Vec<u16>, multiplicand: u16) {
let mut carry = 0;
for d in little_endian_digits.iter_mut() {
(*d, carry) = d.carrying_mul(multiplicand, carry);
}
if carry != 0 {
little_endian_digits.push(carry);
}
}
let mut v = vec![10, 20];
scalar_mul_eq(&mut v, 3);
assert_eq!(v, [30, 60]);
assert_eq!(0x87654321_u64 * 0xFEED, 0x86D3D159E38D);
let mut v = vec![0x4321, 0x8765];
scalar_mul_eq(&mut v, 0xFEED);
assert_eq!(v, [0xE38D, 0xD159, 0x86D3]);
```

RunIf `carry`

is zero, this is similar to `overflowing_mul`

,
except that it gives the value of the overflow instead of just whether one happened:

```
#![feature(bigint_helper_methods)]
let r = u8::carrying_mul(7, 13, 0);
assert_eq!((r.0, r.1 != 0), u8::overflowing_mul(7, 13));
let r = u8::carrying_mul(13, 42, 0);
assert_eq!((r.0, r.1 != 0), u8::overflowing_mul(13, 42));
```

RunThe value of the first field in the returned tuple matches what you’d get
by combining the `wrapping_mul`

and
`wrapping_add`

methods:

```
#![feature(bigint_helper_methods)]
assert_eq!(
789_u16.carrying_mul(456, 123).0,
789_u16.wrapping_mul(456).wrapping_add(123),
);
```

Runconst: unstable · source#### pub fn midpoint(self, rhs: u8) -> u8

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`num_midpoint`

#110840)

#### pub fn midpoint(self, rhs: u8) -> u8

`num_midpoint`

#110840)Calculates the middle point of `self`

and `rhs`

.

`midpoint(a, b)`

is `(a + b) >> 1`

as if it were performed in a
sufficiently-large signed integral type. This implies that the result is
always rounded towards negative infinity and that no overflow will ever occur.

##### Examples

```
#![feature(num_midpoint)]
assert_eq!(0u8.midpoint(4), 2);
assert_eq!(1u8.midpoint(4), 2);
```

Runsource#### pub const fn as_ascii(&self) -> Option<Char>

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`ascii_char`

#110998)

#### pub const fn as_ascii(&self) -> Option<Char>

`ascii_char`

#110998)If the value of this byte is within the ASCII range, returns it as an
ASCII character. Otherwise, returns `None`

.

1.23.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn to_ascii_uppercase(&self) -> u8

#### pub const fn to_ascii_uppercase(&self) -> u8

Makes a copy of the value in its ASCII upper case equivalent.

ASCII letters ‘a’ to ‘z’ are mapped to ‘A’ to ‘Z’, but non-ASCII letters are unchanged.

To uppercase the value in-place, use `make_ascii_uppercase`

.

##### Examples

```
let lowercase_a = 97u8;
assert_eq!(65, lowercase_a.to_ascii_uppercase());
```

Run1.23.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn to_ascii_lowercase(&self) -> u8

#### pub const fn to_ascii_lowercase(&self) -> u8

Makes a copy of the value in its ASCII lower case equivalent.

ASCII letters ‘A’ to ‘Z’ are mapped to ‘a’ to ‘z’, but non-ASCII letters are unchanged.

To lowercase the value in-place, use `make_ascii_lowercase`

.

##### Examples

```
let uppercase_a = 65u8;
assert_eq!(97, uppercase_a.to_ascii_lowercase());
```

Run1.23.0 (const: 1.52.0) · source#### pub const fn eq_ignore_ascii_case(&self, other: &u8) -> bool

#### pub const fn eq_ignore_ascii_case(&self, other: &u8) -> bool

1.23.0 · source#### pub fn make_ascii_uppercase(&mut self)

#### pub fn make_ascii_uppercase(&mut self)

Converts this value to its ASCII upper case equivalent in-place.

ASCII letters ‘a’ to ‘z’ are mapped to ‘A’ to ‘Z’, but non-ASCII letters are unchanged.

To return a new uppercased value without modifying the existing one, use
`to_ascii_uppercase`

.

##### Examples

```
let mut byte = b'a';
byte.make_ascii_uppercase();
assert_eq!(b'A', byte);
```

Run1.23.0 · source#### pub fn make_ascii_lowercase(&mut self)

#### pub fn make_ascii_lowercase(&mut self)

Converts this value to its ASCII lower case equivalent in-place.

ASCII letters ‘A’ to ‘Z’ are mapped to ‘a’ to ‘z’, but non-ASCII letters are unchanged.

To return a new lowercased value without modifying the existing one, use
`to_ascii_lowercase`

.

##### Examples

```
let mut byte = b'A';
byte.make_ascii_lowercase();
assert_eq!(b'a', byte);
```

Run1.24.0 (const: 1.47.0) · source#### pub const fn is_ascii_alphabetic(&self) -> bool

#### pub const fn is_ascii_alphabetic(&self) -> bool

Checks if the value is an ASCII alphabetic character:

- U+0041 ‘A’ ..= U+005A ‘Z’, or
- U+0061 ‘a’ ..= U+007A ‘z’.

##### Examples

```
let uppercase_a = b'A';
let uppercase_g = b'G';
let a = b'a';
let g = b'g';
let zero = b'0';
let percent = b'%';
let space = b' ';
let lf = b'\n';
let esc = b'\x1b';
assert!(uppercase_a.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(uppercase_g.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(a.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(g.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(!zero.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_alphabetic());
```

Run1.24.0 (const: 1.47.0) · source#### pub const fn is_ascii_uppercase(&self) -> bool

#### pub const fn is_ascii_uppercase(&self) -> bool

Checks if the value is an ASCII uppercase character: U+0041 ‘A’ ..= U+005A ‘Z’.

##### Examples

```
let uppercase_a = b'A';
let uppercase_g = b'G';
let a = b'a';
let g = b'g';
let zero = b'0';
let percent = b'%';
let space = b' ';
let lf = b'\n';
let esc = b'\x1b';
assert!(uppercase_a.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(uppercase_g.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(!a.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(!g.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(!zero.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_uppercase());
```

Run1.24.0 (const: 1.47.0) · source#### pub const fn is_ascii_lowercase(&self) -> bool

#### pub const fn is_ascii_lowercase(&self) -> bool

Checks if the value is an ASCII lowercase character: U+0061 ‘a’ ..= U+007A ‘z’.

##### Examples

```
let uppercase_a = b'A';
let uppercase_g = b'G';
let a = b'a';
let g = b'g';
let zero = b'0';
let percent = b'%';
let space = b' ';
let lf = b'\n';
let esc = b'\x1b';
assert!(!uppercase_a.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(!uppercase_g.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(a.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(g.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(!zero.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_lowercase());
```

Run1.24.0 (const: 1.47.0) · source#### pub const fn is_ascii_alphanumeric(&self) -> bool

#### pub const fn is_ascii_alphanumeric(&self) -> bool

Checks if the value is an ASCII alphanumeric character:

- U+0041 ‘A’ ..= U+005A ‘Z’, or
- U+0061 ‘a’ ..= U+007A ‘z’, or
- U+0030 ‘0’ ..= U+0039 ‘9’.

##### Examples

```
let uppercase_a = b'A';
let uppercase_g = b'G';
let a = b'a';
let g = b'g';
let zero = b'0';
let percent = b'%';
let space = b' ';
let lf = b'\n';
let esc = b'\x1b';
assert!(uppercase_a.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(uppercase_g.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(a.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(g.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(zero.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
```

Run1.24.0 (const: 1.47.0) · source#### pub const fn is_ascii_digit(&self) -> bool

#### pub const fn is_ascii_digit(&self) -> bool

Checks if the value is an ASCII decimal digit: U+0030 ‘0’ ..= U+0039 ‘9’.

##### Examples

```
let uppercase_a = b'A';
let uppercase_g = b'G';
let a = b'a';
let g = b'g';
let zero = b'0';
let percent = b'%';
let space = b' ';
let lf = b'\n';
let esc = b'\x1b';
assert!(!uppercase_a.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(!uppercase_g.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(!a.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(!g.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(zero.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_digit());
```

Runconst: unstable · source#### pub fn is_ascii_octdigit(&self) -> bool

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`is_ascii_octdigit`

#101288)

#### pub fn is_ascii_octdigit(&self) -> bool

`is_ascii_octdigit`

#101288)Checks if the value is an ASCII octal digit: U+0030 ‘0’ ..= U+0037 ‘7’.

##### Examples

```
#![feature(is_ascii_octdigit)]
let uppercase_a = b'A';
let a = b'a';
let zero = b'0';
let seven = b'7';
let nine = b'9';
let percent = b'%';
let lf = b'\n';
assert!(!uppercase_a.is_ascii_octdigit());
assert!(!a.is_ascii_octdigit());
assert!(zero.is_ascii_octdigit());
assert!(seven.is_ascii_octdigit());
assert!(!nine.is_ascii_octdigit());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_octdigit());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_octdigit());
```

Run1.24.0 (const: 1.47.0) · source#### pub const fn is_ascii_hexdigit(&self) -> bool

#### pub const fn is_ascii_hexdigit(&self) -> bool

Checks if the value is an ASCII hexadecimal digit:

- U+0030 ‘0’ ..= U+0039 ‘9’, or
- U+0041 ‘A’ ..= U+0046 ‘F’, or
- U+0061 ‘a’ ..= U+0066 ‘f’.

##### Examples

```
let uppercase_a = b'A';
let uppercase_g = b'G';
let a = b'a';
let g = b'g';
let zero = b'0';
let percent = b'%';
let space = b' ';
let lf = b'\n';
let esc = b'\x1b';
assert!(uppercase_a.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(!uppercase_g.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(a.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(!g.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(zero.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_hexdigit());
```

Run1.24.0 (const: 1.47.0) · source#### pub const fn is_ascii_punctuation(&self) -> bool

#### pub const fn is_ascii_punctuation(&self) -> bool

Checks if the value is an ASCII punctuation character:

- U+0021 ..= U+002F
`! " # $ % & ' ( ) * + , - . /`

, or - U+003A ..= U+0040
`: ; < = > ? @`

, or - U+005B ..= U+0060
`[ \ ] ^ _ ``

, or - U+007B ..= U+007E
`{ | } ~`

##### Examples

```
let uppercase_a = b'A';
let uppercase_g = b'G';
let a = b'a';
let g = b'g';
let zero = b'0';
let percent = b'%';
let space = b' ';
let lf = b'\n';
let esc = b'\x1b';
assert!(!uppercase_a.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(!uppercase_g.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(!a.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(!g.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(!zero.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(percent.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_punctuation());
```

Run1.24.0 (const: 1.47.0) · source#### pub const fn is_ascii_graphic(&self) -> bool

#### pub const fn is_ascii_graphic(&self) -> bool

Checks if the value is an ASCII graphic character: U+0021 ‘!’ ..= U+007E ‘~’.

##### Examples

```
let uppercase_a = b'A';
let uppercase_g = b'G';
let a = b'a';
let g = b'g';
let zero = b'0';
let percent = b'%';
let space = b' ';
let lf = b'\n';
let esc = b'\x1b';
assert!(uppercase_a.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(uppercase_g.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(a.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(g.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(zero.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(percent.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_graphic());
```

Run1.24.0 (const: 1.47.0) · source#### pub const fn is_ascii_whitespace(&self) -> bool

#### pub const fn is_ascii_whitespace(&self) -> bool

Checks if the value is an ASCII whitespace character: U+0020 SPACE, U+0009 HORIZONTAL TAB, U+000A LINE FEED, U+000C FORM FEED, or U+000D CARRIAGE RETURN.

Rust uses the WhatWG Infra Standard’s definition of ASCII
whitespace. There are several other definitions in
wide use. For instance, the POSIX locale includes
U+000B VERTICAL TAB as well as all the above characters,
but—from the very same specification—the default rule for
“field splitting” in the Bourne shell considers *only*
SPACE, HORIZONTAL TAB, and LINE FEED as whitespace.

If you are writing a program that will process an existing file format, check what that format’s definition of whitespace is before using this function.

##### Examples

```
let uppercase_a = b'A';
let uppercase_g = b'G';
let a = b'a';
let g = b'g';
let zero = b'0';
let percent = b'%';
let space = b' ';
let lf = b'\n';
let esc = b'\x1b';
assert!(!uppercase_a.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(!uppercase_g.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(!a.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(!g.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(!zero.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(space.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(lf.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_whitespace());
```

Run1.24.0 (const: 1.47.0) · source#### pub const fn is_ascii_control(&self) -> bool

#### pub const fn is_ascii_control(&self) -> bool

Checks if the value is an ASCII control character: U+0000 NUL ..= U+001F UNIT SEPARATOR, or U+007F DELETE. Note that most ASCII whitespace characters are control characters, but SPACE is not.

##### Examples

```
let uppercase_a = b'A';
let uppercase_g = b'G';
let a = b'a';
let g = b'g';
let zero = b'0';
let percent = b'%';
let space = b' ';
let lf = b'\n';
let esc = b'\x1b';
assert!(!uppercase_a.is_ascii_control());
assert!(!uppercase_g.is_ascii_control());
assert!(!a.is_ascii_control());
assert!(!g.is_ascii_control());
assert!(!zero.is_ascii_control());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_control());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_control());
assert!(lf.is_ascii_control());
assert!(esc.is_ascii_control());
```

Run1.60.0 · source#### pub fn escape_ascii(self) -> EscapeDefault ⓘ

#### pub fn escape_ascii(self) -> EscapeDefault ⓘ

Returns an iterator that produces an escaped version of a `u8`

,
treating it as an ASCII character.

The behavior is identical to `ascii::escape_default`

.

##### Examples

```
assert_eq!("0", b'0'.escape_ascii().to_string());
assert_eq!("\\t", b'\t'.escape_ascii().to_string());
assert_eq!("\\r", b'\r'.escape_ascii().to_string());
assert_eq!("\\n", b'\n'.escape_ascii().to_string());
assert_eq!("\\'", b'\''.escape_ascii().to_string());
assert_eq!("\\\"", b'"'.escape_ascii().to_string());
assert_eq!("\\\\", b'\\'.escape_ascii().to_string());
assert_eq!("\\x9d", b'\x9d'.escape_ascii().to_string());
```

Run## Trait Implementations§

1.22.0 · source§### impl AddAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl AddAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn add_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn add_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`+=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl AddAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl AddAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn add_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn add_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`+=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl AddAssign<&u8> for u8

### impl AddAssign<&u8> for u8

source§#### fn add_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn add_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`+=`

operation. Read more1.74.0 · source§### impl AddAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl AddAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn add_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn add_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`+=`

operation. Read more1.60.0 · source§### impl AddAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl AddAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn add_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn add_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`+=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl AddAssign<u8> for u8

### impl AddAssign<u8> for u8

source§#### fn add_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn add_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`+=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl BitAndAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl BitAndAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn bitand_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn bitand_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`&=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl BitAndAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl BitAndAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn bitand_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn bitand_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`&=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl BitAndAssign<&u8> for u8

### impl BitAndAssign<&u8> for u8

source§#### fn bitand_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn bitand_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`&=`

operation. Read more1.74.0 · source§### impl BitAndAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl BitAndAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn bitand_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn bitand_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`&=`

operation. Read more1.60.0 · source§### impl BitAndAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl BitAndAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn bitand_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn bitand_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`&=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl BitAndAssign<u8> for u8

### impl BitAndAssign<u8> for u8

source§#### fn bitand_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn bitand_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`&=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl BitOrAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl BitOrAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn bitor_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn bitor_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`|=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl BitOrAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl BitOrAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn bitor_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn bitor_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`|=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl BitOrAssign<&u8> for u8

### impl BitOrAssign<&u8> for u8

source§#### fn bitor_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn bitor_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`|=`

operation. Read more1.45.0 · source§### impl BitOrAssign<u8> for NonZeroU8

### impl BitOrAssign<u8> for NonZeroU8

source§#### fn bitor_assign(&mut self, rhs: u8)

#### fn bitor_assign(&mut self, rhs: u8)

`|=`

operation. Read more1.74.0 · source§### impl BitOrAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl BitOrAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn bitor_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn bitor_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`|=`

operation. Read more1.60.0 · source§### impl BitOrAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl BitOrAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn bitor_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn bitor_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`|=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl BitOrAssign<u8> for u8

### impl BitOrAssign<u8> for u8

source§#### fn bitor_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn bitor_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`|=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl BitXorAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl BitXorAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn bitxor_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn bitxor_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`^=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl BitXorAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl BitXorAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn bitxor_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn bitxor_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`^=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl BitXorAssign<&u8> for u8

### impl BitXorAssign<&u8> for u8

source§#### fn bitxor_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn bitxor_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`^=`

operation. Read more1.74.0 · source§### impl BitXorAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl BitXorAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn bitxor_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn bitxor_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`^=`

operation. Read more1.60.0 · source§### impl BitXorAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl BitXorAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn bitxor_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn bitxor_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`^=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl BitXorAssign<u8> for u8

### impl BitXorAssign<u8> for u8

source§#### fn bitxor_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn bitxor_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`^=`

operation. Read moresource§### impl Div<u8> for u8

### impl Div<u8> for u8

This operation rounds towards zero, truncating any fractional part of the exact result.

#### Panics

This operation will panic if `other == 0`

.

1.22.0 · source§### impl DivAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl DivAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn div_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn div_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`/=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl DivAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl DivAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn div_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn div_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`/=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl DivAssign<&u8> for u8

### impl DivAssign<&u8> for u8

source§#### fn div_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn div_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`/=`

operation. Read more1.74.0 · source§### impl DivAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl DivAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn div_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn div_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`/=`

operation. Read more1.60.0 · source§### impl DivAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl DivAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn div_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn div_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`/=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl DivAssign<u8> for u8

### impl DivAssign<u8> for u8

source§#### fn div_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn div_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`/=`

operation. Read more1.13.0 · source§### impl From<u8> for char

### impl From<u8> for char

Maps a byte in 0x00..=0xFF to a `char`

whose code point has the same value, in U+0000..=U+00FF.

Unicode is designed such that this effectively decodes bytes with the character encoding that IANA calls ISO-8859-1. This encoding is compatible with ASCII.

Note that this is different from ISO/IEC 8859-1 a.k.a. ISO 8859-1 (with one less hyphen), which leaves some “blanks”, byte values that are not assigned to any character. ISO-8859-1 (the IANA one) assigns them to the C0 and C1 control codes.

Note that this is *also* different from Windows-1252 a.k.a. code page 1252,
which is a superset ISO/IEC 8859-1 that assigns some (not all!) blanks
to punctuation and various Latin characters.

To confuse things further, on the Web
`ascii`

, `iso-8859-1`

, and `windows-1252`

are all aliases
for a superset of Windows-1252 that fills the remaining blanks with corresponding
C0 and C1 control codes.

source§### impl FromStr for u8

### impl FromStr for u8

§#### type Err = ParseIntError

#### type Err = ParseIntError

1.22.0 · source§### impl MulAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl MulAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn mul_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn mul_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`*=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl MulAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl MulAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn mul_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn mul_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`*=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl MulAssign<&u8> for u8

### impl MulAssign<&u8> for u8

source§#### fn mul_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn mul_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`*=`

operation. Read more1.74.0 · source§### impl MulAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl MulAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn mul_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn mul_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`*=`

operation. Read more1.60.0 · source§### impl MulAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl MulAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn mul_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn mul_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`*=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl MulAssign<u8> for u8

### impl MulAssign<u8> for u8

source§#### fn mul_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn mul_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`*=`

operation. Read moresource§### impl Ord for u8

### impl Ord for u8

source§### impl PartialOrd<u8> for u8

### impl PartialOrd<u8> for u8

source§#### fn le(&self, other: &u8) -> bool

#### fn le(&self, other: &u8) -> bool

`self`

and `other`

) and is used by the `<=`

operator. Read moresource§### impl Rem<u8> for u8

### impl Rem<u8> for u8

This operation satisfies `n % d == n - (n / d) * d`

. The
result has the same sign as the left operand.

#### Panics

This operation will panic if `other == 0`

.

1.22.0 · source§### impl RemAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl RemAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn rem_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn rem_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`%=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl RemAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl RemAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn rem_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn rem_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`%=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl RemAssign<&u8> for u8

### impl RemAssign<&u8> for u8

source§#### fn rem_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn rem_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`%=`

operation. Read more1.74.0 · source§### impl RemAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl RemAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn rem_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn rem_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`%=`

operation. Read more1.60.0 · source§### impl RemAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl RemAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn rem_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn rem_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`%=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl RemAssign<u8> for u8

### impl RemAssign<u8> for u8

source§#### fn rem_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn rem_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`%=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&i128> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<&i128> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &i128)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &i128)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&i16> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<&i16> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &i16)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &i16)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&i32> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<&i32> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &i32)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &i32)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&i64> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<&i64> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &i64)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &i64)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&i8> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<&i8> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &i8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &i8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&isize> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<&isize> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &isize)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &isize)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u128> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<&u128> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u128)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u128)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u16> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<&u16> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u16)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u16)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u32> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<&u32> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u32)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u32)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u64> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<&u64> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u64)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u64)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for i128

### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for i128

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for i16

### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for i16

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for i32

### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for i32

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for i64

### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for i64

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for i8

### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for i8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for isize

### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for isize

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for u128

### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for u128

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for u16

### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for u16

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for u32

### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for u32

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for u64

### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for u64

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for usize

### impl ShlAssign<&u8> for usize

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<&usize> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<&usize> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &usize)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: &usize)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<i128> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<i128> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: i128)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: i128)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<i16> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<i16> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: i16)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: i16)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<i32> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<i32> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: i32)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: i32)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<i64> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<i64> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: i64)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: i64)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<i8> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<i8> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: i8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: i8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<isize> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<isize> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: isize)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: isize)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u128> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<u128> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u128)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u128)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u16> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<u16> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u16)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u16)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u32> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<u32> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u32)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u32)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u64> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<u64> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u64)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u64)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u8> for i128

### impl ShlAssign<u8> for i128

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u8> for i16

### impl ShlAssign<u8> for i16

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u8> for i32

### impl ShlAssign<u8> for i32

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u8> for i64

### impl ShlAssign<u8> for i64

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u8> for i8

### impl ShlAssign<u8> for i8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u8> for isize

### impl ShlAssign<u8> for isize

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u8> for u128

### impl ShlAssign<u8> for u128

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u8> for u16

### impl ShlAssign<u8> for u16

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u8> for u32

### impl ShlAssign<u8> for u32

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u8> for u64

### impl ShlAssign<u8> for u64

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u8> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<u8> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<u8> for usize

### impl ShlAssign<u8> for usize

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShlAssign<usize> for u8

### impl ShlAssign<usize> for u8

source§#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: usize)

#### fn shl_assign(&mut self, other: usize)

`<<=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&i128> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<&i128> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &i128)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &i128)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&i16> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<&i16> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &i16)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &i16)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&i32> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<&i32> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &i32)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &i32)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&i64> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<&i64> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &i64)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &i64)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&i8> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<&i8> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &i8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &i8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&isize> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<&isize> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &isize)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &isize)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u128> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<&u128> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u128)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u128)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u16> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<&u16> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u16)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u16)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u32> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<&u32> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u32)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u32)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u64> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<&u64> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u64)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u64)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for i128

### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for i128

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for i16

### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for i16

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for i32

### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for i32

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for i64

### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for i64

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for i8

### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for i8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for isize

### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for isize

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for u128

### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for u128

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for u16

### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for u16

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for u32

### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for u32

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for u64

### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for u64

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for usize

### impl ShrAssign<&u8> for usize

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<&usize> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<&usize> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &usize)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: &usize)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<i128> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<i128> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: i128)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: i128)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<i16> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<i16> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: i16)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: i16)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<i32> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<i32> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: i32)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: i32)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<i64> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<i64> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: i64)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: i64)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<i8> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<i8> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: i8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: i8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<isize> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<isize> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: isize)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: isize)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u128> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<u128> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u128)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u128)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u16> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<u16> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u16)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u16)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u32> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<u32> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u32)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u32)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u64> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<u64> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u64)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u64)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u8> for i128

### impl ShrAssign<u8> for i128

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u8> for i16

### impl ShrAssign<u8> for i16

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u8> for i32

### impl ShrAssign<u8> for i32

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u8> for i64

### impl ShrAssign<u8> for i64

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u8> for i8

### impl ShrAssign<u8> for i8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u8> for isize

### impl ShrAssign<u8> for isize

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u8> for u128

### impl ShrAssign<u8> for u128

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u8> for u16

### impl ShrAssign<u8> for u16

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u8> for u32

### impl ShrAssign<u8> for u32

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u8> for u64

### impl ShrAssign<u8> for u64

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u8> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<u8> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<u8> for usize

### impl ShrAssign<u8> for usize

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`>>=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl ShrAssign<usize> for u8

### impl ShrAssign<usize> for u8

source§#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: usize)

#### fn shr_assign(&mut self, other: usize)

`>>=`

operation. Read moresource§### impl SimdElement for u8

### impl SimdElement for u8

source§### impl Step for u8

### impl Step for u8

source§#### unsafe fn forward_unchecked(start: Self, n: usize) -> Self

#### unsafe fn forward_unchecked(start: Self, n: usize) -> Self

`step_trait`

#42168)source§#### unsafe fn backward_unchecked(start: Self, n: usize) -> Self

#### unsafe fn backward_unchecked(start: Self, n: usize) -> Self

`step_trait`

#42168)source§#### fn forward(start: Self, n: usize) -> Self

#### fn forward(start: Self, n: usize) -> Self

`step_trait`

#42168)source§#### fn backward(start: Self, n: usize) -> Self

#### fn backward(start: Self, n: usize) -> Self

`step_trait`

#42168)source§#### fn steps_between(start: &Self, end: &Self) -> Option<usize>

#### fn steps_between(start: &Self, end: &Self) -> Option<usize>

`step_trait`

#42168)1.22.0 · source§### impl SubAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl SubAssign<&u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn sub_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn sub_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`-=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl SubAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl SubAssign<&u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn sub_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn sub_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`-=`

operation. Read more1.22.0 · source§### impl SubAssign<&u8> for u8

### impl SubAssign<&u8> for u8

source§#### fn sub_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

#### fn sub_assign(&mut self, other: &u8)

`-=`

operation. Read more1.74.0 · source§### impl SubAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

### impl SubAssign<u8> for Saturating<u8>

source§#### fn sub_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn sub_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`-=`

operation. Read more1.60.0 · source§### impl SubAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

### impl SubAssign<u8> for Wrapping<u8>

source§#### fn sub_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn sub_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`-=`

operation. Read more1.8.0 · source§### impl SubAssign<u8> for u8

### impl SubAssign<u8> for u8

source§#### fn sub_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

#### fn sub_assign(&mut self, other: u8)

`-=`

operation. Read more1.59.0 · source§### impl TryFrom<char> for u8

### impl TryFrom<char> for u8

Maps a `char`

with code point in U+0000..=U+00FF to a byte in 0x00..=0xFF with same value,
failing if the code point is greater than U+00FF.

See `impl From<u8> for char`

for details on the encoding.