Struct core::time::Duration1.3.0[][src]

pub struct Duration { /* fields omitted */ }
Expand description

A Duration type to represent a span of time, typically used for system timeouts.

Each Duration is composed of a whole number of seconds and a fractional part represented in nanoseconds. If the underlying system does not support nanosecond-level precision, APIs binding a system timeout will typically round up the number of nanoseconds.

Durations implement many common traits, including Add, Sub, and other ops traits. It implements Default by returning a zero-length Duration.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let five_seconds = Duration::new(5, 0);
let five_seconds_and_five_nanos = five_seconds + Duration::new(0, 5);

assert_eq!(five_seconds_and_five_nanos.as_secs(), 5);
assert_eq!(five_seconds_and_five_nanos.subsec_nanos(), 5);

let ten_millis = Duration::from_millis(10);
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Formatting Duration values

Duration intentionally does not have a Display impl, as there are a variety of ways to format spans of time for human readability. Duration provides a Debug impl that shows the full precision of the value.

The Debug output uses the non-ASCII “µs” suffix for microseconds. If your program output may appear in contexts that cannot rely on full Unicode compatibility, you may wish to format Duration objects yourself or use a crate to do so.

Implementations

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (duration_constants #57391)

The duration of one second.

Examples

#![feature(duration_constants)]
use std::time::Duration;

assert_eq!(Duration::SECOND, Duration::from_secs(1));
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (duration_constants #57391)

The duration of one millisecond.

Examples

#![feature(duration_constants)]
use std::time::Duration;

assert_eq!(Duration::MILLISECOND, Duration::from_millis(1));
Run
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (duration_constants #57391)

The duration of one microsecond.

Examples

#![feature(duration_constants)]
use std::time::Duration;

assert_eq!(Duration::MICROSECOND, Duration::from_micros(1));
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (duration_constants #57391)

The duration of one nanosecond.

Examples

#![feature(duration_constants)]
use std::time::Duration;

assert_eq!(Duration::NANOSECOND, Duration::from_nanos(1));
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A duration of zero time.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let duration = Duration::ZERO;
assert!(duration.is_zero());
assert_eq!(duration.as_nanos(), 0);
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The maximum duration.

May vary by platform as necessary. Must be able to contain the difference between two instances of Instant or two instances of SystemTime. This constraint gives it a value of about 584,942,417,355 years in practice, which is currently used on all platforms.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

assert_eq!(Duration::MAX, Duration::new(u64::MAX, 1_000_000_000 - 1));
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Creates a new Duration from the specified number of whole seconds and additional nanoseconds.

If the number of nanoseconds is greater than 1 billion (the number of nanoseconds in a second), then it will carry over into the seconds provided.

Panics

This constructor will panic if the carry from the nanoseconds overflows the seconds counter.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let five_seconds = Duration::new(5, 0);
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Creates a new Duration from the specified number of whole seconds.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let duration = Duration::from_secs(5);

assert_eq!(5, duration.as_secs());
assert_eq!(0, duration.subsec_nanos());
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Creates a new Duration from the specified number of milliseconds.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let duration = Duration::from_millis(2569);

assert_eq!(2, duration.as_secs());
assert_eq!(569_000_000, duration.subsec_nanos());
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Creates a new Duration from the specified number of microseconds.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let duration = Duration::from_micros(1_000_002);

assert_eq!(1, duration.as_secs());
assert_eq!(2000, duration.subsec_nanos());
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Creates a new Duration from the specified number of nanoseconds.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let duration = Duration::from_nanos(1_000_000_123);

assert_eq!(1, duration.as_secs());
assert_eq!(123, duration.subsec_nanos());
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Returns true if this Duration spans no time.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

assert!(Duration::ZERO.is_zero());
assert!(Duration::new(0, 0).is_zero());
assert!(Duration::from_nanos(0).is_zero());
assert!(Duration::from_secs(0).is_zero());

assert!(!Duration::new(1, 1).is_zero());
assert!(!Duration::from_nanos(1).is_zero());
assert!(!Duration::from_secs(1).is_zero());
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Returns the number of whole seconds contained by this Duration.

The returned value does not include the fractional (nanosecond) part of the duration, which can be obtained using subsec_nanos.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let duration = Duration::new(5, 730023852);
assert_eq!(duration.as_secs(), 5);
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To determine the total number of seconds represented by the Duration, use as_secs in combination with subsec_nanos:

use std::time::Duration;

let duration = Duration::new(5, 730023852);

assert_eq!(5.730023852,
           duration.as_secs() as f64
           + duration.subsec_nanos() as f64 * 1e-9);
Run

Returns the fractional part of this Duration, in whole milliseconds.

This method does not return the length of the duration when represented by milliseconds. The returned number always represents a fractional portion of a second (i.e., it is less than one thousand).

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let duration = Duration::from_millis(5432);
assert_eq!(duration.as_secs(), 5);
assert_eq!(duration.subsec_millis(), 432);
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Returns the fractional part of this Duration, in whole microseconds.

This method does not return the length of the duration when represented by microseconds. The returned number always represents a fractional portion of a second (i.e., it is less than one million).

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let duration = Duration::from_micros(1_234_567);
assert_eq!(duration.as_secs(), 1);
assert_eq!(duration.subsec_micros(), 234_567);
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Returns the fractional part of this Duration, in nanoseconds.

This method does not return the length of the duration when represented by nanoseconds. The returned number always represents a fractional portion of a second (i.e., it is less than one billion).

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let duration = Duration::from_millis(5010);
assert_eq!(duration.as_secs(), 5);
assert_eq!(duration.subsec_nanos(), 10_000_000);
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Returns the total number of whole milliseconds contained by this Duration.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let duration = Duration::new(5, 730023852);
assert_eq!(duration.as_millis(), 5730);
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Returns the total number of whole microseconds contained by this Duration.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let duration = Duration::new(5, 730023852);
assert_eq!(duration.as_micros(), 5730023);
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Returns the total number of nanoseconds contained by this Duration.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let duration = Duration::new(5, 730023852);
assert_eq!(duration.as_nanos(), 5730023852);
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Checked Duration addition. Computes self + other, returning None if overflow occurred.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::time::Duration;

assert_eq!(Duration::new(0, 0).checked_add(Duration::new(0, 1)), Some(Duration::new(0, 1)));
assert_eq!(Duration::new(1, 0).checked_add(Duration::new(u64::MAX, 0)), None);
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Saturating Duration addition. Computes self + other, returning Duration::MAX if overflow occurred.

Examples

#![feature(duration_constants)]
use std::time::Duration;

assert_eq!(Duration::new(0, 0).saturating_add(Duration::new(0, 1)), Duration::new(0, 1));
assert_eq!(Duration::new(1, 0).saturating_add(Duration::new(u64::MAX, 0)), Duration::MAX);
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Checked Duration subtraction. Computes self - other, returning None if the result would be negative or if overflow occurred.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::time::Duration;

assert_eq!(Duration::new(0, 1).checked_sub(Duration::new(0, 0)), Some(Duration::new(0, 1)));
assert_eq!(Duration::new(0, 0).checked_sub(Duration::new(0, 1)), None);
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Saturating Duration subtraction. Computes self - other, returning Duration::ZERO if the result would be negative or if overflow occurred.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

assert_eq!(Duration::new(0, 1).saturating_sub(Duration::new(0, 0)), Duration::new(0, 1));
assert_eq!(Duration::new(0, 0).saturating_sub(Duration::new(0, 1)), Duration::ZERO);
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Checked Duration multiplication. Computes self * other, returning None if overflow occurred.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::time::Duration;

assert_eq!(Duration::new(0, 500_000_001).checked_mul(2), Some(Duration::new(1, 2)));
assert_eq!(Duration::new(u64::MAX - 1, 0).checked_mul(2), None);
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Saturating Duration multiplication. Computes self * other, returning Duration::MAX if overflow occurred.

Examples

#![feature(duration_constants)]
use std::time::Duration;

assert_eq!(Duration::new(0, 500_000_001).saturating_mul(2), Duration::new(1, 2));
assert_eq!(Duration::new(u64::MAX - 1, 0).saturating_mul(2), Duration::MAX);
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Checked Duration division. Computes self / other, returning None if other == 0.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::time::Duration;

assert_eq!(Duration::new(2, 0).checked_div(2), Some(Duration::new(1, 0)));
assert_eq!(Duration::new(1, 0).checked_div(2), Some(Duration::new(0, 500_000_000)));
assert_eq!(Duration::new(2, 0).checked_div(0), None);
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Returns the number of seconds contained by this Duration as f64.

The returned value does include the fractional (nanosecond) part of the duration.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let dur = Duration::new(2, 700_000_000);
assert_eq!(dur.as_secs_f64(), 2.7);
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Returns the number of seconds contained by this Duration as f32.

The returned value does include the fractional (nanosecond) part of the duration.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let dur = Duration::new(2, 700_000_000);
assert_eq!(dur.as_secs_f32(), 2.7);
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Creates a new Duration from the specified number of seconds represented as f64.

Panics

This constructor will panic if secs is not finite, negative or overflows Duration.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let dur = Duration::from_secs_f64(2.7);
assert_eq!(dur, Duration::new(2, 700_000_000));
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Creates a new Duration from the specified number of seconds represented as f32.

Panics

This constructor will panic if secs is not finite, negative or overflows Duration.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let dur = Duration::from_secs_f32(2.7);
assert_eq!(dur, Duration::new(2, 700_000_000));
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Multiplies Duration by f64.

Panics

This method will panic if result is not finite, negative or overflows Duration.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let dur = Duration::new(2, 700_000_000);
assert_eq!(dur.mul_f64(3.14), Duration::new(8, 478_000_000));
assert_eq!(dur.mul_f64(3.14e5), Duration::new(847_800, 0));
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Multiplies Duration by f32.

Panics

This method will panic if result is not finite, negative or overflows Duration.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let dur = Duration::new(2, 700_000_000);
// note that due to rounding errors result is slightly different
// from 8.478 and 847800.0
assert_eq!(dur.mul_f32(3.14), Duration::new(8, 478_000_640));
assert_eq!(dur.mul_f32(3.14e5), Duration::new(847799, 969_120_256));
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Divide Duration by f64.

Panics

This method will panic if result is not finite, negative or overflows Duration.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let dur = Duration::new(2, 700_000_000);
assert_eq!(dur.div_f64(3.14), Duration::new(0, 859_872_611));
// note that truncation is used, not rounding
assert_eq!(dur.div_f64(3.14e5), Duration::new(0, 8_598));
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Divide Duration by f32.

Panics

This method will panic if result is not finite, negative or overflows Duration.

Examples

use std::time::Duration;

let dur = Duration::new(2, 700_000_000);
// note that due to rounding errors result is slightly
// different from 0.859_872_611
assert_eq!(dur.div_f32(3.14), Duration::new(0, 859_872_576));
// note that truncation is used, not rounding
assert_eq!(dur.div_f32(3.14e5), Duration::new(0, 8_598));
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (div_duration #63139)

Divide Duration by Duration and return f64.

Examples

#![feature(div_duration)]
use std::time::Duration;

let dur1 = Duration::new(2, 700_000_000);
let dur2 = Duration::new(5, 400_000_000);
assert_eq!(dur1.div_duration_f64(dur2), 0.5);
Run
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (div_duration #63139)

Divide Duration by Duration and return f32.

Examples

#![feature(div_duration)]
use std::time::Duration;

let dur1 = Duration::new(2, 700_000_000);
let dur2 = Duration::new(5, 400_000_000);
assert_eq!(dur1.div_duration_f32(dur2), 0.5);
Run

Trait Implementations

The resulting type after applying the + operator.

Performs the + operation. Read more

Performs the += operation. Read more

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Returns the “default value” for a type. Read more

The resulting type after applying the / operator.

Performs the / operation. Read more

Performs the /= operation. Read more

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more

The resulting type after applying the * operator.

Performs the * operation. Read more

The resulting type after applying the * operator.

Performs the * operation. Read more

Performs the *= operation. Read more

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

The resulting type after applying the - operator.

Performs the - operation. Read more

Performs the -= operation. Read more

Method which takes an iterator and generates Self from the elements by “summing up” the items. Read more

Method which takes an iterator and generates Self from the elements by “summing up” the items. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.