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// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 OR MIT

use crate::alloc::{Allocator, Global};
use core::fmt;
use core::iter::{FusedIterator, TrustedLen};
use core::mem::{self};
use core::ptr::{self, NonNull};
use core::slice::{self};

use super::Vec;

/// A draining iterator for `Vec<T>`.
///
/// This `struct` is created by [`Vec::drain`].
/// See its documentation for more.
///
/// # Example
///
/// ```
/// let mut v = vec![0, 1, 2];
/// let iter: std::vec::Drain<_> = v.drain(..);
/// ```
#[stable(feature = "drain", since = "1.6.0")]
pub struct Drain<
    'a,
    T: 'a,
    #[unstable(feature = "allocator_api", issue = "32838")] A: Allocator + 'a = Global,
> {
    /// Index of tail to preserve
    pub(super) tail_start: usize,
    /// Length of tail
    pub(super) tail_len: usize,
    /// Current remaining range to remove
    pub(super) iter: slice::Iter<'a, T>,
    pub(super) vec: NonNull<Vec<T, A>>,
}

#[stable(feature = "collection_debug", since = "1.17.0")]
impl<T: fmt::Debug, A: Allocator> fmt::Debug for Drain<'_, T, A> {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        f.debug_tuple("Drain").field(&self.iter.as_slice()).finish()
    }
}

impl<'a, T, A: Allocator> Drain<'a, T, A> {
    /// Returns the remaining items of this iterator as a slice.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// let mut vec = vec!['a', 'b', 'c'];
    /// let mut drain = vec.drain(..);
    /// assert_eq!(drain.as_slice(), &['a', 'b', 'c']);
    /// let _ = drain.next().unwrap();
    /// assert_eq!(drain.as_slice(), &['b', 'c']);
    /// ```
    #[must_use]
    #[stable(feature = "vec_drain_as_slice", since = "1.46.0")]
    pub fn as_slice(&self) -> &[T] {
        self.iter.as_slice()
    }

    /// Returns a reference to the underlying allocator.
    #[unstable(feature = "allocator_api", issue = "32838")]
    #[must_use]
    #[inline]
    pub fn allocator(&self) -> &A {
        unsafe { self.vec.as_ref().allocator() }
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "vec_drain_as_slice", since = "1.46.0")]
impl<'a, T, A: Allocator> AsRef<[T]> for Drain<'a, T, A> {
    fn as_ref(&self) -> &[T] {
        self.as_slice()
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "drain", since = "1.6.0")]
unsafe impl<T: Sync, A: Sync + Allocator> Sync for Drain<'_, T, A> {}
#[stable(feature = "drain", since = "1.6.0")]
unsafe impl<T: Send, A: Send + Allocator> Send for Drain<'_, T, A> {}

#[stable(feature = "drain", since = "1.6.0")]
impl<T, A: Allocator> Iterator for Drain<'_, T, A> {
    type Item = T;

    #[inline]
    fn next(&mut self) -> Option<T> {
        self.iter.next().map(|elt| unsafe { ptr::read(elt as *const _) })
    }

    fn size_hint(&self) -> (usize, Option<usize>) {
        self.iter.size_hint()
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "drain", since = "1.6.0")]
impl<T, A: Allocator> DoubleEndedIterator for Drain<'_, T, A> {
    #[inline]
    fn next_back(&mut self) -> Option<T> {
        self.iter.next_back().map(|elt| unsafe { ptr::read(elt as *const _) })
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "drain", since = "1.6.0")]
impl<T, A: Allocator> Drop for Drain<'_, T, A> {
    fn drop(&mut self) {
        /// Continues dropping the remaining elements in the `Drain`, then moves back the
        /// un-`Drain`ed elements to restore the original `Vec`.
        struct DropGuard<'r, 'a, T, A: Allocator>(&'r mut Drain<'a, T, A>);

        impl<'r, 'a, T, A: Allocator> Drop for DropGuard<'r, 'a, T, A> {
            fn drop(&mut self) {
                // Continue the same loop we have below. If the loop already finished, this does
                // nothing.
                self.0.for_each(drop);

                if self.0.tail_len > 0 {
                    unsafe {
                        let source_vec = self.0.vec.as_mut();
                        // memmove back untouched tail, update to new length
                        let start = source_vec.len();
                        let tail = self.0.tail_start;
                        if tail != start {
                            let src = source_vec.as_ptr().add(tail);
                            let dst = source_vec.as_mut_ptr().add(start);
                            ptr::copy(src, dst, self.0.tail_len);
                        }
                        source_vec.set_len(start + self.0.tail_len);
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        // exhaust self first
        while let Some(item) = self.next() {
            let guard = DropGuard(self);
            drop(item);
            mem::forget(guard);
        }

        // Drop a `DropGuard` to move back the non-drained tail of `self`.
        DropGuard(self);
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "drain", since = "1.6.0")]
impl<T, A: Allocator> ExactSizeIterator for Drain<'_, T, A> {
    fn is_empty(&self) -> bool {
        self.iter.is_empty()
    }
}

#[unstable(feature = "trusted_len", issue = "37572")]
unsafe impl<T, A: Allocator> TrustedLen for Drain<'_, T, A> {}

#[stable(feature = "fused", since = "1.26.0")]
impl<T, A: Allocator> FusedIterator for Drain<'_, T, A> {}