Struct core::raw::TraitObject[][src]

#[repr(C)]
pub struct TraitObject { pub data: *mut (), pub vtable: *mut (), }
👎 Deprecated since 1.53.0:

use pointer metadata APIs instead https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/81513

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (raw #27751)
Expand description

The representation of a trait object like &dyn SomeTrait.

This struct has the same layout as types like &dyn SomeTrait and Box<dyn AnotherTrait>.

TraitObject is guaranteed to match layouts, but it is not the type of trait objects (e.g., the fields are not directly accessible on a &dyn SomeTrait) nor does it control that layout (changing the definition will not change the layout of a &dyn SomeTrait). It is only designed to be used by unsafe code that needs to manipulate the low-level details.

There is no way to refer to all trait objects generically, so the only way to create values of this type is with functions like std::mem::transmute. Similarly, the only way to create a true trait object from a TraitObject value is with transmute.

Synthesizing a trait object with mismatched types—one where the vtable does not correspond to the type of the value to which the data pointer points—is highly likely to lead to undefined behavior.

Examples

#![feature(raw)]

use std::{mem, raw};

// an example trait
trait Foo {
    fn bar(&self) -> i32;
}

impl Foo for i32 {
    fn bar(&self) -> i32 {
         *self + 1
    }
}

let value: i32 = 123;

// let the compiler make a trait object
let object: &dyn Foo = &value;

// look at the raw representation
let raw_object: raw::TraitObject = unsafe { mem::transmute(object) };

// the data pointer is the address of `value`
assert_eq!(raw_object.data as *const i32, &value as *const _);

let other_value: i32 = 456;

// construct a new object, pointing to a different `i32`, being
// careful to use the `i32` vtable from `object`
let synthesized: &dyn Foo = unsafe {
     mem::transmute(raw::TraitObject {
         data: &other_value as *const _ as *mut (),
         vtable: raw_object.vtable,
     })
};

// it should work just as if we had constructed a trait object out of
// `other_value` directly
assert_eq!(synthesized.bar(), 457);
Run

Fields

data: *mut ()
👎 Deprecated since 1.53.0:

use pointer metadata APIs instead https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/81513

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (raw #27751)
vtable: *mut ()
👎 Deprecated since 1.53.0:

use pointer metadata APIs instead https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/81513

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (raw #27751)

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.